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DO VALDEORRAS

HISTORY OF WINE IN GALICIA

E he Roman conquest (137-22 BC), attracted by mineral riches, generated, over a period, a culture in which the indigenous continues to manifest itself with growing force. The Roman roads, bridges (Bibei, Ourense), the walls (Lugo), and the farms surrounding the "Villae" begin to change the image of the countryside. The stock wine and the wind yards were introduce by the first time into Galicia probably, as the chestnut tree, after the Romans invasions in the 1st century. The original Celtics clans not to know how to cultivate the stock wine.

Lugo's Roman Walls

In the last years of the Roman Empire, the Swabians reach Galicia. They are a Germanic people who would transform it into a kingdom that would last for one and a half centuries. The Galician Swabians, who had converted to Catholicism even before the Francs, returns to the ancient faith, bishoprics and parishes are established, and the paganism of the masses is fought although without too much success some times.

Celtic

Christianity is gradually changing the popular religion, but these remains multifariously present through myths, rites and singularly rich symbolisms. In the IV Century, the first Episcopal Sees appeared and in the rural world. The monks extend the stock wine and the wine yards with the settlement of the monasteries across Galicia.

The Arabian presence in Galicia is extremely brief and does not interrupt the social and economic processes that lead to a typically medieval Christian feudal system. The Christian areas of the Northwest Peninsular are saved from conquest and very soon, a kingdom begins to form, with its principle royal seat in Oviedo and later in Leon but the oldest town was Lugo founded by the Roman. In Arabian, Francs, and Roman sources this political unit is denominated "Kingdom of Galicia"

STONE
 

In the seventh the wars, as result the Arabic invasions, destroy or cause the abandonment of some win yards. Certain political crises will determine that Galicia has its own, exclusive Monarch, such as Ordoño II. Alfonso who, after being crowned King of Galicia by Archbishop Gelmirez vertebrate the territory by supporting the emerging urban nuclei (A Coruña, Baiona, Ribadavia, Noia, Betanzos, Pontevedra, etc.) and the Monasteries (Oseira, Monfero, Sobrado, Ribas de Sil, etc.), firsts producers of wine at this time, which dispute the domain of wide areas in opposition to the nobles and bishops.

MONASTERY

The epoch is fruitful, during which the Galician-Portuguese Poetry begins to take its first steps and the Romanic reaches its apogee.

 

FIN

 

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