he Roman conquest (137-22 BC),
attracted by mineral riches, generated,
over a period, a culture in which the
indigenous continues to manifest itself
with growing force. The Roman roads, bridges
(Bibei, Ourense), the walls (Lugo), and
the farms surrounding the "Villae"
begin to change the image of the countryside.
The stock wine and the wind yards were
introduce by the first time into Galicia
probably, as the chestnut tree, after
the Romans invasions in the 1st century.
The original Celtics clans not to know
how to cultivate the stock wine.
In the last years of the Roman Empire,
the Swabians reach Galicia. They are a
Germanic people who would transform it
into a kingdom that would last for one
and a half centuries. The Galician Swabians,
who had converted to Catholicism even
before the Francs, returns to the ancient
faith, bishoprics and parishes are established,
and the paganism of the masses is fought
although without too much success some
Christianity is gradually changing the
popular religion, but these remains multifariously
present through myths, rites and singularly
rich symbolisms. In the IV Century, the
first Episcopal Sees appeared and in the
rural world. The monks extend the stock
wine and the wine yards with the settlement
of the monasteries across Galicia.
The Arabian presence in Galicia is extremely
brief and does not interrupt the social
and economic processes that lead to a
typically medieval Christian feudal system.
The Christian areas of the Northwest Peninsular
are saved from conquest and very soon,
a kingdom begins to form, with its principle
royal seat in Oviedo and later in Leon
but the oldest town was Lugo founded by
the Roman. In Arabian, Francs, and Roman
sources this political unit is denominated
"Kingdom of Galicia"
In the seventh the wars, as result the
Arabic invasions, destroy or cause the
abandonment of some win yards. Certain
political crises will determine that Galicia
has its own, exclusive Monarch, such as
Ordoño II. Alfonso who, after being
crowned King of Galicia by Archbishop
Gelmirez vertebrate the territory by supporting
the emerging urban nuclei (A Coruña,
Baiona, Ribadavia, Noia, Betanzos, Pontevedra,
etc.) and the Monasteries (Oseira, Monfero,
Sobrado, Ribas de Sil, etc.), firsts producers
of wine at this time, which dispute the
domain of wide areas in opposition to
the nobles and bishops.
The epoch is fruitful,
during which the Galician-Portuguese Poetry
begins to take its first steps and the
Romanic reaches its apogee.