is a mosaic of landscapes, in which
an endless list of places of natural interest is joined together.
This is due to several reasons: the presence of a long coastal
strip with continental areas; the differences in altitude; and
the important climatic differences, and as a consequence, biogeographic
differences; and lastly, due to its long history, during which
men and women have deeply transformed the space around them.
The interior/coastal is a element that allows
us to understand Galicia's natural diversity.
The length of the Galician coast (one thousand
two hundred kilometres)and its profile with
numerous inlets and outlets caused by the
series of estuaries, bays and capes, which
form contrasting spaces result in a coastline
with high cliffs, beaches, lakes and dunes,
in front of which, like brushstrokes of rock
painted in the sea, are islands and islets.
On the other hand, from the coast to the interior, different
echelands can be noted in the land formation. On the same
seashore there are a series of mountains, which reach altitudes
of 500/700 metres, which become areas that differ in many
ways from the world that surrounds them.
Land rises up to 1,100 metres in the western
mountain range, drops to the interior
of Lugo and Ourense, and then rises up
again to 2,150 metres in the eastern mountains,
at the borders with Asturias and Castile-Leon.
The existence of rivers, and Galicia is
the Land of One Thousand Rivers, deeply
ingrained in the land, with deep and extends
valleys. Horizontal and vertical land
forms of differing altitudes the Galician
The Galicia's position on the medium latitudes
improves climatic contrasts. For example,
the arrival of storms favours rainfalls.
This is more intense in the western mountains
due to the necessity of the clouds to
ascend and discharge a large part of the
water they carry to the interior of Spain.
This explains that, for example, in the
south east of Galicia more than 3000 mm
of rain falls annually, and in the north
sea side more than 3800 mm falls; in the
opposite side to the southeast have only
900 millimetres falls. Still further to
the east, in Valdeorras, in the Sil valley,
the annual rainfall is 800 mm fall.
There is not, therefore, a uniform climate
and there is marked differences among
the different parts of Galicia. The human
activity has been intense for at least
two thousand years and this transform
the landscape and the range of existing
landscapes in Galicia and it variety of
natural places of interest.